The fresh conceptual away from Phoenician myths that has been maintained regarding Philo courtesy Eusebius (such biblical sees for a passing fancy topic) was once commonly regarded as which have suspician of the crucial scholarship and you can considered as mostly an invention of the Philo, without the independent worth since a source of expertise in Phoenician religion. So it suspicious thinking just like the disappered as a consequence of the latest data recovery out-of religious epic literary works out-of Ugarit to the northern Syrian shore (1927-1937).
These types of significant poetical messages receive by the D.F.A great. Schaefer from inside the several strategies have indicated that gods of Philo incur names within the higher part today well-identified out-of Ugarit plus off their sources. Brand new Philo mythology is characterized by an equivalent moral forget and you can primitive barbarity with affection having detailed labels and you will personifications which might be bought at Ugarit.
This new resources of education indicate nothing improvement in the content from Canaanite mythology anywhere between c. 1400 BC and you will 700 BC. Many specifics of Philo’s membership, not only in the matter of brands from deities, but in this new mythological conditions as well come into complete agreement into Ugaritic myths and you will later Phoenician inscriptions. Students is, ergo, rationalized within the taking, at the very least provisionally, all of the data managed from the Philo that do not involve subjective translation to your their part.
This new divinities which figure from the mythological texts regarding Ugarit was indeed plainly not unusual to your city, however, was indeed current certainly one of the Canaanites, because they brear only an unclear link to the most famous deities worshipped in the city alone
As myths regarding old Ugarit mean, the latest religion of your Canaanite peoples is a rough and you can debased brand of routine polytheism. It absolutely was for the sexy fertility-cult worship away from an exceptionally smutty and you can orgiastic kind, which turned out to be way more influential than just about any almost every other character religion regarding ANE siti incontri nudisti.
Brand new Ugaritic deities are now most commonly known by the several off spiritual messages dating regarding fifteenth and very early fourteenth millennium BC that happen to be found in a collection situated during the an establishing depending ranging from Ugarit’s several higher temples, you to definitely seriously interested in Baal therefore the almost every other to Dagon
Canaanite deities, toward one-hand, present remarkable fluidity of identity and function, so that it is will very hard to fix the website name of different gods or even explain their kinship to one various other. This is certainly one of many really irrational areas of Canaanite religion, a sign of the corrupt characteristics. Additionally, Canaanite deities possess most of the time etymologically clear brands, an undeniable fact and therefore appears to point to the brand new Canaanite pantheon since the representing an excellent cruder and ancient types of polytheism.
Miscellaneous epigraphic and you can literary source inform you the fresh brands of head gods and you will goddesses of a lot Canaanite citaies in different periods.
Este is the label which the brand new best Canaanite goddess is understood. This is and additionally a name whereby Jesus is known as inside the outdated Testament — El, the newest Jesus (Elohim) out-of Israel ( el elohe yisrael: Gen. ). In most prose they occures with greater regularity that have an enthusiastic adjunct: Este Elyon (the quintessential higher Goodness, Gen. ), El Shaddai (typically, God-almighty, Gen. 17:1), Este Hai (The fresh new living Goodness, Josh. 3:10), and also commonly regarding the plural regarding majesty, Elohim. In Hebrew poetry Este is more frequent, where they stands in most cases without having any adjunct (Ps. , 33, 48; ; Business 8:3).
The definition of Este was an universal identity to own « god » inside Northwest Semitic (Hebrew and Ugaritic) and thus it is very utilized in the existing Testament to own heathen deities otherwise idols (Ex. ; Ps. ; Are. ). The initial generic identity is actually ‘ilum ; shedding the fresh new mimation and nominative case conclude ( you ) will get ‘el during the Hebrew. It was more than likely a keen adjectival formation (intransitive participle) regarding means « become strong, powerful » ( ‘wl ), definition « This new Strong (or Powerful) That. »